Joel Ernst, MD, professor of medicine and chief of the division of experimental medicine, UCSF School of Medicine, San Francisco.
Santosha Vardhana, MD, PhD, assistant professor of medicine and attending physician, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York.
Nicolas Vabret, PhD, assistant professor of medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York.
Medline Plus: “Immune response.”
Journal of Experimental Medicine: “The many faces of the anti-COVID immune response.”
UCSF: “Ask the Expert: Seeking Immunity Against COVID-19.”
La Jolla Institute for Immunology: “T Cells Take the Lead in Controlling SARS-COV-2 and Reducing Covid-19 Severity.”
Cell: “Antigen-Specific Adaptive Immunity to SARS-CoV-2 in Acute COVID-19 and Associations with Age and Disease Severity.”
Immunity: “Immunology of COVID-19: Current State of the Science.”
The Lancet Infectious Diseases: “Genomic evidence for reinfection with SARS-CoV-2: a case study,” and “What reinfections mean for COVI-19.”
Johns Hopkins Coronavirus Resource Center.
The Lancet Infectious Disease: “Longitudinal antibody and T cell responses in Ebola virus disease survivors and contacts: an observational cohort study.”
mBio: “Decline of Humoral Responses against SARS-CoV-2 Spike in Convalescent Individuals.”
Science Immunology: “Persistence and decay of human antibody response to the receptor binding domain of SARS-CoV-2 spike protein in COVID-19 patients.”
BRO News: “COVID-19 reinfection tracker.”